Tenses:- they are trickier than you thought…

Simple Present


[VERB] + s/es in third person

Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.


  • I play tennis.
  • She does not play tennis.ACTIVE / PASSIVE


    • Once a week, Tom cleans the car. Active
    • Once a week, the car is cleaned by Tom. Passive

    Simple Past


    [VERB+ed] or irregular verbs


    • You called Debbie.
    • Did you call Debbie?
    • She washed her car.
    • She ran to the shops.



    • Tom repaired the car. Active
    • The car was repaired by Tom. Passive

    Simple Future

    Simple Future has two different forms in English: “will” and “be going to.” Although the two forms can sometimes be used interchangeably, they often express two very different meanings. These different meanings might seem too abstract at first, but with time and practice, the differences will become clear. Both “will” and “be going to” refer to a specific time in the future.

    [will + verb]


    • You will help him later.
    • Will you help him later?

    FORM Be Going To

    [am/is/are + going to + verb]


    • You are going to meet Jane tonight.
    • Are you going to meet Jane tonight?



      • John will finish the work by 5:00 PM. Active
      • The work will be finished by 5:00 PM. Passive
      • Sally is going to make a beautiful dinner tonight. Active
      • A beautiful dinner is going to be made by Sally tonight. Passive

About class03

Head teacher at Robin Hood Academy
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